Inflamed Caruncle

The lacrimal caruncle is the small nodule at the inner corner of the eye. It is made of skin covering sebaceous and sweat glands.  Sometimes it can get inflamed and swollen.   Artificial tears and steroids usually resolve the problem.

Neovascular Membrane

Did you know that bleeding underneath your retina can cause devastating vision loss?  Choroidal neovascular membranes are new blood vessels that grow beneath the retina in an area called the choroid.   These membranes are associated with many serious eye diseases, most commonly wet age-related macular degeneration. CNVM are also found in patients with histoplasmosis, eye injury, and myopic…

When Contacts Cause Bumps in the Eye

Giant papillary conjunctivitis is a common complication of contact lens wear.   This condition requires anti-inflammatory and/or anti-histamine eye drops.  Contact lens wear should be temporarily discontinued.  Daily disposable contact lenses are recommended. The inner eyelids usually return to normal appearance following the resolution of giant papillary conjunctivitis.  However, sometimes, there can be permanent, small, white,…

Glaucoma: the Importance of Early Intervention

According to the Glaucoma Research Foundation, an estimated 2.2 million individuals in the United States have glaucoma.   More than half of those who have glaucoma are unaware because there are NO SYMPTOMS, especially in the early stages.  Studies show that the risk of blindness related to glaucoma 20 years after diagnosis has decreased by…

LANL Safety and Computer Glasses

We provide safety and computer glasses for the Los Alamos National Laboratory.   Our safety eye wear includes Wiley X, On Guard, UVEX, and USA Workforce.   We offer a large selection of frames for your computer glasses.   Ask us about occupational progressives that are designed for computer use, as well as blue light filtering lenses.  These…


Meibomian refers to a particular type of gland in the eyelids. There are about 25 to 40 meibomian glands in the upper eyelid and 20 to 30 in the lower eyelid. The function of these glands is to secrete oils, which help keep the tears from evaporating too quickly. Meibomian gland dysfunction is blockage or…

Central Retinal Vein Occlsion

The retina is nourished by blood flow, which provides nutrients and oxygen that nerve cells need. When there is a blockage in the veins into the retina, retinal vein occlusion may occur.  Central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) is a blockage of the main vein in the retina. Blockage of the small veins in the retina…

Corneal Pannus

Corneal pannus is the growth of fine blood vessels onto the clear corneal surface. The treatment depends on the cause. For instance, a common cause of corneal pannus is a poorly fit contact lens.   Also, pannus can occur if the contact lens does not allow enough oxygen to the eye.  Contact lens may need to…


Episcleritis is a self-limited inflammation that does not cause lasting damage.  Most patients with episcleritis may not require any treatment.   Either Prednisolone Acetate 1.0% or Fluorometholone .1% 1 drop 3x/day can be prescribed.  Cold compresses can also help relieve the discomfort.


If you are diagnosed with chronic blepharitis, an ongoing regimen of eyelid hygiene is recommended.   We often prescribe over-the-counter lid scrubs such as Ocusoft.   Eyelid hygiene is the cornerstone of treatment for most cases of blepharitis. Besides a program of eyelid hygiene, supplemental treatment with topical and oral medicine can be helpful. We also…

Myopia Control

We offer Corneal Refractive Therapy (CRT) as an effective means of controlling myopia.  CRT is a safe, non-surgical and reversible process that uses special rigid gas permeable contact lenses to gently reshape the surface of your eye during sleep.   Contact lenses are taken out in the morning, providing clear vision during the day. This eye-reshaping…

Fundus photography

With my fundus camera, I am able to photo-document the retina, macula, and optic nerve.   These photos become a part of your medical record, and are used to follow, diagnose, and treat eye diseases.

Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography

RTVue is an ultra-high speed, high resolution optical coherence tomography retina scanner used for retina imaging and analysis.  It takes about 100 scans within seconds, giving more detail about the retina, macula, and optic nerve!   This ultra-high speed and high resolution features help me to visualize the retinal tissue with ultra-high clarity in a fraction…

Subconjunctival Hemorrhage

A subconjunctival hemorrhage occurs when a tiny blood vessel breaks under the conjunctiva.  A subconjunctival hemorrhage often occurs without any injury to your eye. Even a strong sneeze or cough can cause a blood vessel to break in the eye. You don’t need to treat it.  A subconjunctival hemorrhage is usually a harmless condition that…

Bad Eye Burn

Chemical alkali burns of the cornea, are the most severe and painful.   Treatment requires medical intervention, sometimes surgery, acutely and in the long term, for maximal visual rehabilitation.  Common goals of management include:   (1) removing the offending agent, (2) promoting ocular surface healing, (3) eliminating inflammation, (4) preventing infection, and (5) controlling intraocular pressure. Immediate…

Confluent Drusen in Macular Degeneration

Small, yellowish deposits known as drusen, can have discrete or indistinct margins.    Macular degeneration can be classified according to the number and size of drusen, amount of geographic atrophy, and pigmentary changes.    This patient has dry macular degeneration, which is being carefully monitored with photos, as well as daily Lutein supplements.

A Film Over My Eye

If you do not properly disinfect and clean your contact lenses or over wear them, you can develop bacterial keratitis. This is a serious condition that can cause permanent vision loss and damage to your eye.  It must be treated aggressively with antibiotics.

Eyelid Lesion

Verruca Vulgaris Usually caused by epidermal infection with the human papilloma virus (type VI or XI). Although these growths are less common on the eyelids, they are typically located near the lid margins. Treatment options include simple excision or cryotherapy.

Posterior Synechia

This needs to be monitored carefully, as there is increased risk of glaucoma.   With the iris adhering to the lens, there is blockage of the aqueous humor flow from the posterior chamber to the anterior chamber. This blocked drainage can cause the intraocular pressure to increase, causing damage to the optic nerve.

Cataract Surgery Complication

Posterior capsule opacification (PCO) referred to as ‘secondary cataract’ or ‘after cataract’, develops over the clear posterior capsule a few months to a few years after an uneventful cataract surgery.  It results from the growth and abnormal proliferation of lens epithelial cells (LECs) on the posterior capsule. READ MORE